While about 30 per cent of Canada’s population lives in Western Canada, more than half of First Nations people live here.
Statistics Canada’s 2016 Census shows most live in British Columbia at about 18 per cent. Saskatchewan has the least at about 12 per cent. The First Nations population accounts for only about 3 per cent of the total population of Canada, but nearly 11 per cent of the population of Saskatchewan. Over ten years, Western Canada saw the largest total increase in First Nations population at over 134 thousand. Metis account for 1.7 per cent of the total population of Canada. Most live in Ontario. Alberta had the largest Metis population in the west, accounting for 19.5 per cent of the total Metis population. Saskatchewan is home to 9.9 per cent of the Metis population. There were eight metropolitan areas with a population of more than 10 thousand Metis in 2016, Saskatoon was one of them. Among all CMAs, aboriginal peoples accounted for the highest proportion of the population in Thunder Bay at 12.7 per cent, Winnipeg at 12.2 per cent and Saskatoon at 10.9 per cent. Between 2006 and 2016, Aboriginal population growth was slowest in Regina, Winnipeg and Saskatoon.